An Explorer's Daily Distance, 1845

An Explorer's Daily Distance, 1845

This map, based on Fremont's map, shows the approximate distances Stephen W. Kearney's 1845 expedition party traveled each day. Traveling on horseback, 30 miles a day was considered excellent mileage, especially if one was also making cartographic observations and drawings. The same route used by these explorers would soon be followed by pioneers in wagon trains, driving oxen at an even slower pace. These pioneer trails would later be replaced by fast-moving stage coach lines, railroads, highways and freeways. No matter the style or speed of delivery, each succession of immigrants would come to depend on the limited water supplies of the American West.

Map courtesy of the Honorable Greg Hobbs Collection

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